Telling Time with Free Printables. Resources for the Montessori Classroom. – Montessori Nature
Homeschooling? Unschooling? Charlotte Mason? Waldorf? Part time? Full time? The variations within homeschooling can be overwhelming. But don't worry - it's not as scary as it first seems.
Consider these general curricula & # 39; s and educational philosophies used by homeschoolers. This is by no means an extensive list, but includes many important programs and should help you to feel more comfortable in determining what kind of homeschooler you are.
In unit studies, one subject is intensively focused at the same time. This can teach the possibility to both compartmentalize and synthesize information. Examples include an in-depth study of United States presidents, or spending the month before a vacation in the ocean studying sea and weather patterns. Unit studies can also use a child's interests to study a broader subject; for example, studying fashion trends over the centuries to see how important events in history have affected daily life.
The Charlotte Mason method is based on the work of the British educator Charlotte Mason. She believed that & # 39; education is an atmosphere, a discipline and a life & # 39 ;. She believed that atmosphere is a third of a child's upbringing, that cultivating good habits is a third, and that children need to learn living, practical ideas instead of dry facts.
Waldorf education is aimed at teaching the entire child, & # 39; head, heart and hands & # 39 ;,. Waldorf tries to encourage a genuine love of learning for every child and incorporates art and activities to create students who can create meaning in their lives without external help.
The Montessori method is aimed at student-driven learning that aims to support a child's natural way of learning. Montessori includes one-on-one attention and observation of teachers and emphasizes all five senses instead of just the visual and auditory senses used in reading, listening and looking.
Multiple intelligence education is based on the eight areas of Dr. Howard Gardner of intelligence and learning styles: linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, physical-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalistic. Each individual has strengths in one or more of these intelligences, and the multi-intelligence method involves discovering and teaching these strong areas (for example, a student strong in physical kinesthesia or touch-related knowledge is likely to learning the most by doing, while a linguistically strong child learns best by reading, writing and playing with words).
Classical education uses three age groups or periods of learning, called the "grammar period" (which focuses on the building blocks of education, remembering and the rules of elementary mathematics, phonetics, etc.), The "logical phase" (when cause and effect relationships are investigated and the child is challenged to ask & # 39; why & # 39 ;, think critically and synthesize ideas), & the & # 39; rhetorical stage & # 39; (when the student learns to use language to explain his / her ideas clearly and vigorously, and starts to focus on areas of knowledge that interest him / her; this phase can sometimes relate to internships, internships, college courses and other forms of higher / specialized education).
Thomas Jefferson Education
Thomas Jefferson Education, also known as & # 39; Leadership Education & # 39 ;, also follows three periods: the & # 39; basic phases & # 39; (which focus on core values and love of learning), & # 39; educational phases & # 39; (who teach study skills and discipline; at this stage students participate in a mentor-led program such as an internship or setting and achieving a personal goal), and "application phases" that exist after formal education and the rest of life of the student (in which the student focuses on the contribution to the community, and acts as a mentor or community leader). Thomas Jefferson's education is strongly focused on love of learning, dedication to values and seven keys to great education.
Accredited curriculum / long distance / internet education
This type of homeschool, also called & # 39; public school at home & # 39; is very structured and uses curricula approved by the government that reflect curricula used in public schools. The parent acts as a teacher and there is usually a satellite teacher or mentor to whom the student reports. Examples include K12.com, LUOnlineAcademy.com and various university affiliated high school programs such as Penn Foster High School and BYU Independent Study.
This type of training follows the belief that children are not ready for formal education until the age of 7-9. This approach encourages play and natural curiosity in the early years and moves towards more formal learning as the child turns 7 (with flexibility depending on the child). This philosophy, although sometimes challenged, is generally accepted even in some mainstream schools, particularly in the UK, and is fairly common among non-students.
The Principle Approach to Education, based on the writing of Rosalie J. Slater and Verna M. Hall, examines all subjects and information through a Christian worldview. The Bible is used as an important textbook and the student makes notebooks in which both school material and his / her thoughts and meditations are incorporated. The principle approach uses "the 4 R & # 39; s", research (finding God's word and identifying religious principles), reasoning (discovering cause and effect relationships), Relate (applying information to the student) and Record ( writing down or otherwise recording the applications of the student) and pressing).
As with the principle approach, but more flexible and not specific to a belief system, faith-based home education encompasses both secular and religious knowledge, and religious beliefs and family values are freely incorporated into learning and discussions. Although this blending is a natural side effect of home education in a religious household, faith-based education connects clearer academic knowledge with religion. Spiritual beliefs and experiences are considered or more important for the child's upbringing as secular knowledge, and the parent actively tries to incorporate religious beliefs into the student's curriculum / learning experience.
Although not often full time is used as a substitute for public or private schools, many homeschoolers find it useful to supplement their curricula with courses and / or guidance at learning centers such as Kumon, Sylvan and Huntington. These centers can be especially useful if a student is approaching the university, because many of them offer ACT and SAT preparation courses.
As always, homeschooling is a very individual individual issue that must be adapted to your family. As long as your homeschooling method works for you, keep it, love it, change it if necessary and enjoy the adventure.