Montessori Ordnung …
Have you seen parents screaming their heads off to have their children do their homework? Or scream like an insane soul in shame just to make the child behave? Is it really necessary for all parents to resort to such measures to teach their children to be disciplined or is there a more peaceful method? A simple and effective method can actually be found in Montessori education. Maria Montessori noted that the first drawing of self-discipline comes through when children can develop an integration of themselves through their work. She has discovered that a child's destructive behavior can be curved by working with materials in a prepared environment. This is what Montessori called the "normalization of the child". The child seemed to have found a sense of peace while working with the materials offered and a certain calmness would then overcome him, thereby limiting his destructive behavior.
Through her observations of children at work in the Montessori classrooms, she discovered that "the children worked spontaneously, that is, out of love for the work itself". (Maria Montessori: Her Life & Work, p. 89) This probably underlines her theory that children go through sensitive periods in which their development takes place. While the children work, their five senses are used to help them learn how to bring the pieces of information together. She has also found that children will repeat the work many times and without fatigue to achieve the necessary skills. Because they are interested and fully focused on the task they have to perform, they learn to be self-disciplined. Because they are fully occupied, they do not need the teacher in the classroom to remind them to remain silent.
According to Dr. Montessori, the work of a child differs from the work of an adult. The child must work to grow if he tries to find out in which environment he lives, while the adult works with the aim of performing a task. Such works can help a child develop his self-concept while exercising the necessary skills through the repeated work. An adult does not have to repeat a task multiple times because the skill has already been achieved, but the child will repeat the work many times to perfect the action. The child must work to use the environment to improve himself while interacting with what is around him to absorb the impressions for his physical development. Because the child works on a specific task several times, he also exercises his ability to concentrate, allowing his self-discipline to develop.
Maria Montessori believes that the power of attention of the child will be developed by working with materials in activities, as it helps with his concentration and building up his personality. With a developed concentration, the child will be calmer and more controlled, which probably explains why a destructive child & # 39; normalized & # 39; after he is actively involved in a number of useful activities. This can also be due to the fact that a child comes to a stage where he is very interested in something and wants to manipulate it. It is probably what Montessori describes as the sensitive periods in which the child wants to learn something. Montessori even believed that "if children do not reveal the desire to work spontaneously, the fault is not in the children, but in the way the subjects to be studied are presented". (Maria Montessori: Her Life & Work, p.90) Therefore, she consistently believes that it is of the utmost importance that the teacher understands the different needs of the students in order to attract the child's attention and to meet those needs , because "if children are bored, inattentive and incomprehensible, it is because the teaching methods used are insurmountable obstacles to the & # 39; spontaneous & # 39; functioning of the child's mind". (Maria Montessori: Her Life & Work, p.90)
For the child to learn self-discipline, another factor that is just as important as choosing the right material for the child is that the child must be guided to achieve independence. Montessori believed that the child should be given the opportunity to work with materials in the environment. This is important because children learn best by using their five senses, so they have to manipulate things. There is no point in giving a child meaningless toys that move on their own and do not allow the child to communicate with them except to view them. The child learns nothing. That is why it is important that parents select their toys for children in the right way, with a view to learning skills.
Another factor is that the child must be helped to develop his will. The child can be allowed to use which activity he wants to work on. Because he has chosen the activity, he will have an interest in concentrating on it and thus completing the entire task. This will help in the development of his self-discipline, because Montessori believed that every child has a natural inner urge that will lead him to targeted activities such as repeating the activity to perfect the acquired skill. This repeated activity will help the child gain control over himself and the environment. Learning to make his own decisions about things like what he wants to do helps him take responsibility for his own actions. The activity he undertakes will help him understand the limits of reality, and then lead him to self-knowledge, self-control and self-discipline. Self-discipline is a very important characteristic that the child must reach in order to develop characteristics for him such as the power of attention and concentration and the independence to perform work and creativity to facilitate learning.
To help the child develop self-discipline, he or she must get constructive work. It is there for the teacher or main caregiver to find out from the child what skills need to be developed and what activities will interest him at that time. In a well-prepared environment where the materials for the activities are properly presented to him, he can choose the activity that interests him most and thus help him to concentrate on the task he has to perform. The child should not have too many activities because it confuses his mind and disrupts his development. It is therefore important that the teacher or caregiver understands the child and is able to respond adequately. Because the child likes to manipulate things and students the best by playing, the presented activity should be fun and exciting for the child. Only in this way will the child be able to develop his self-discipline when he actively involves himself in his chosen work.